IPS Full Form (Indian Police Service)- Salary, Eligibility, Job Profile, Roles and Responsibility.

What is IPS?

IPS Full form
IPS Full form

The full form of IPS is the Indian Police Service, which is one of the most prestigious and reupdated jobs in India after IAS. With a focus on law enforcement and public safety, the Indian Police Service (IPS) is responsible for maintaining law and order across the country. But what is the full form of IPS? In this article, we will decode IPS full form, its meaning in police, and more details about the IPS officer’s role.

IPS Full Form
IPC Full Form in EnglishIndian Police Service
IPC Full Form in Hindiभारतीय पुलिस सेवा
RoleMaintaining law and order, Preventing and investigating crimes, and Ensuring public safety and security.

History of IPS

Origin of IPS is from  the British government, the Indian Councils Act of 1861 established a Superior Police Service in India, later renamed the Indian Imperial Police. The modern Indian Police Service was established under Article 312(2) of Part XIV of the Indian Constitution. The Indian Police Service (IPS) is a part of the executive branch and is one of three All India Services established by the Indian Parliament through the All India Services Act of 1951. An IPS officer ensures public safety by upholding law and order. They are also in charge of state and union territory police departments, CAPF forces (such as the CRPF, BSF, SSB, CISF, and ITBP) and the National Security Guards.

Roles and Responsibility of IPS

The IPS (Indian Police Service) comes under the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA). The roles and responsibilities of the IPS officers are as given below in detail:

Roles and Responsibility of IPS
S.no.Major Roles Sub Roles
1Border responsibilities and dutiesCounter-terrorismBorder policing
2Maintaining public peace and orderCrime preventionThe investigation, detection and collection of intelligence
3VIP security
4Railway policing
5Anti-smuggling and drug trafficking
6Tackling Economic OffencesCorruption in public life
7Disaster management

Biodiversity and protection/enforcement of environmental laws, etc
8Enforcement of socio-economic legislation
9High-level posts in the IndianIntelligence AgenciesCBIR&AWIBCID
10Leading and commanding the Indian Federal Law Enforcement AgenciesCivil and Armed Police Forces in all the union territories and statesCAPF – Central Armed Police Force

IPS Officer Cadre Allocation

The IPS officers promoted  from the state police services remain in their respective state cadres. For the successful candidates of the IPS exam (Civil Services Exam), the cadre allocation is done on the basis of their merit, rank, availability of vacancies and their preferences.Check the table below of IPS Cadre Allocation in a tabular form:

ZoneNumber of IPS CadresIPS Cadres Allocation
I7AGMUT (Arunachal Pradesh, Goa, Mizoram and UTs)Jammu and KashmirHimachal PradeshUttarakhandPunjabRajasthanHaryana
II4Uttar PradeshBiharJharkhandOdisha
III4GujaratMaharashtraMadhya PradeshChhattisgarh
IV6West BengalSikkimAssam-MeghalayaManipurTripuraNagaland
V5TelanganaAndhra PradeshKarnatakaTamil NaduKerala

IPS (Indian Police Services) Recruitment and Eligibility

The recruitment of the IPS Indian Police Service officers is done with the help of Civil Services Examinations, which are conducted by the UPSC Commission. While filling up the application form, the candidate needs to choose the preferences for IPS or IAS as many IAS Toppers first preference is IAS and second is IPSC.UPSC releases the same application form for both posts. However, the applicants will be assigned to the training as per their obtained rank and preferences after clearing the rounds and stages of UPSC exam. Let’s us discuss the information about UPSC CSE exam. 

  • UPSC (Civil Service Examination)- 

The UPSC (Civil Service Examination) is also known as IAS ,It is a national competitive examination in India conducted by the Union Public Service Commission for recruitment to higher Civil Services of the Government of India, including the Indian Administrative Service, Indian Foreign Service, and Indian Police Service. UPSC CSE examination is the most toughest examination  in India conducted by UPSC. 

Name of examinationUPSC CSE
Conducting bodyUPSC
Mode of examOffline (Pen or Paper Mode) 
Number of Times Conducted Per Year1 (one)
Age Limit21 – 32 years (upper age relaxation for reserved candidates)
Exam LevelModerate to Tough
Pattern of ExaminationPrelims (MCQs), Mains (Descriptive papers)and interview
IAS Prelims 2024Sunday – 26th May 2024 (Prelims 2023 was on 28th May 2023)
IAS Mains 2024 20th September 2024 onwards (exams for five days)

Eligibility Criteria of IPS

To become an IPS (Indian Police Service) officer in India, aspirants must meet the Education ,Age, Nationality,etc criteria set by the UPSC and clear the IPS exam (Civil Services Exam).

The IPS eligibility conditions and qualification criteria are:

  1. Nationality – Must be an Indian citizen, and belong to India. 
  2. Age Limit – Minimum age of 21 years, maximum age varies, age relaxation depending on category and benchmark physical disability. 
  3. Minimum Educational Qualification – Must br University degree (Graduate) from a recognized University. 
  4. Number of Attempts – As for now,6 attempts for General category & EWS (Relaxation in Attempts for other categories except General). 
  5. Restriction on Applying – Officers already appointed to the IAS or IFS aren’t eligible. 
  6. Physical Standards – As per the Rules for Examination. 

Salary of IPS Officer – 7th Pay Commission

Salary of IPS,According to the 7th Pay Commission, the civil service pay grade structure has been phased out, and the aggregation pay level has already been implemented. As a result, the IPS pay scale is based only on the basic salary plus TA, DA,HRA and other allowances. . The basic starting salary can start from Rs. 56,100 per month.

Designation or IPS rank in State Police/Central Police ForceSalary as per 7th Pay Commission
Director-General of Police2,25,000.00 
Additional Director General of Police2,05,400.00 
Inspector-General of Police1,44,200.00 
Deputy Inspector General of Police1,31,100.00
Senior Superintendent of Police78,800.00
Additional Superintendent of Police67,700.00 
Deputy Superintendent of Police56,100.00

IPS Officer Salary Per Month

The monthly salary of an IPS officer at the entry level and the per month salary of an IPS officer at the highest level given below in a tabular form:

LevelBasic Pay
Entry level (starting salary)Rs 56,100
Maximum PayRs 2,25,000


The Full Form of IPS is Indian Police Service is discussed in detail and brief . In this article we have mentioned the 7th pay Commission salary, Monthly salary, roles and responsibility, eligibility criteria and cadre allocation for IPS Officer. .The elite Indian Police Service is not a security force but provides commanders to take higher-level posts in the state police machinery and the Central Armed Police Forces (CAPF). IPS officers can be employed by the Central Government and the respective States. IPS officers in India carry a lot of responsibility and also enjoy significant perks.

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